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The Place of Spirituality In Psychology

The Place of Spirituality In Psychology

The field of psychology encompasses many aspects that must be dealt with on a daily basis. Psychologists and others working in the field are often faced with moral dilemmas that may cause them to question the place of morals and spirituality in psychology. Those who practice some form of religion may use their specific values and morals when it comes to finding resolutions in these situations. There still lies the question of whether religion has a place in the day-to-day practice of psychology and if so, where to draw the line.

In part, psychology is considered a science. Though it is not exact in all situations, it does carry with it various similarities to science where theories and decision making are concerned. Ethics play a big role in psychology for both the roles of the psychologist or psychological professional conducting evaluations and providing treatment and the client or patient receiving the services or treatment. The code of ethics was put into place to protect both parties involved. Ethics is based on right and wrong and, can therefore be closely related to morality in many instances. Because of this, it can be argued that religion plays a role in the ethical decisions that are made everyday. Though the code of ethics does not specifically site religion as a part of what is contained there in, various aspects of morality and common values are found.

Spirituality as a whole has become even more prevalent in the field of psychology over the past several years as evidenced by the number of Christian counseling centers that have opened around the country. The professionals working in these settings offer what some say is the perfect combination of treatment, psychology based on Christian values and beliefs. Here the psychological principles and ethics are used with various aspects of religious values and beliefs interwoven into the treatment plans. Patients are often counseled on how spirituality can help them through their difficult situations. In these settings, professionals strive to find a balance between psychology and religion, a challenging task at times. Psychology is based on various principles, theories and ethics while religion is based mostly on faith. Psychological issues are proven in a scientific way while a good part of religion is based on belief in the unseen. While many people don’t question their faith, it can be difficult to intermingle what can be physically seen with what cannot. This causes many people to question the place of spirituality in psychology.

Because faith is often questioned, it has become necessary to receive proof. This proof often comes in the form of answers that are a direct result of the testing of ideas (Myers). When ideas are tested and found to be correct, faith is easier to maintain; however, then they do not survive the test, faith can become a very shaky prospect. When this principle is applied to psychology, the outcome can change on a regular basis. Different situations call for different ideas which may or may not prove to work. Also, what works in one situation may prove impossible in another. The key to understanding where spirituality fits in is knowing how to apply it to each individual situation and idea and make determinations and assessments based on the information that is gathered and the particular values that are relevant to the end result.

To better understand where religion fits into the psychological realm, let’s take a closer look at the human attributes that make up each. Where religion is concerned there is the theological wisdom. This deals with the acceptance of divine love in order to enable individuals to accept themselves. Psychological wisdom, however, deals with self-esteem, optimism and personal control (Myers). The ability to use the two together to make important decisions will provide the freedom to use what we know, admit what we don’t and search for the answers. Because we are both the creatures and creators of our own social world, people and situations matter (Myers). While ultimate control lies beyond us, we carry responsibility for making important decisions that have a lasting effect on us as well as others.

Psychologists face these dilemmas everyday. They must make important decisions that will directly effect their patients. Each decision is made on an individual basis and is dependent on each specific situation and its own set of circumstances. Each decision will carry with it a separate set of ethical issues and dilemmas and the solution will remain unique to each. Religion is said to heal people while medicine was designed to do the same. The two often work in different contexts, but it can be argued that medicine was discovered because of ideas and values based on religious beliefs. Because of this, it is believed in many situations the two are used together to come up with treatment plans that will be both effective and long lasting.

In many ways, people who have great faith have found the insights and critical analyses of psychology to be supportive of the understanding they possess of human nature. Their assumption that religion is conducive to happiness and good health is also attributed in great part to psychology. The science of psychology offers principles that can be applied to the construction of messages that will prove both memorable and persuasive. Here the tasks of peacemaking and reconciliation are promoted in a way that offers solutions that will provide the means by which others can achieve happiness by establishing healthy relationships (Myers). While the science may challenge our way of thinking, the same can be said of religion. Faith is often questioned in an effort to find answers. This has proven to be helpful in many situations where the answer wasn’t clearly defined. Here, the science of psychology is used along with the religious beliefs to find solutions to problems that seemingly have no immediate or clear resolution. Still, faith is not always a negative aspect of psychology.

A strong value and belief system can help a psychologist working as a professional in the field deal with situations where the traditional psychological theories aren’t showing a definite answer. Here the process is reversed because religion is used to clarify a particular set of circumstances based on the lack of information that can be gathered at a given time. There are also times where one can support the other. Religious beliefs are often used to support the reasoning behind many ethical situations whereas psychology is often used to prove various religion based ideas. This is where the two can be used in tandem to come up with a truly unique solution that will work.

It has also been argued that faith plays an important role in a psychologist’s ability to use the information found in the code of ethics and psychological practices that are present everyday. This is based on the belief that people who possess strong faith are better able to understand the science of psychology because they can use the two together to come up with answers that are suited to each new set of circumstances. Here psychologists are not heavily relying on either faith or science, but instead are using them both to gain a better understanding of the situation as a whole. Those who believe in the contents of the code of ethics understand its importance and why it must play a role in psychology on a daily basis (Kafka). Those who possess strong religious beliefs usually strive to use them everyday when making ethical decisions and are often working toward an outcome built on both science and faith. Still there is a very important line between when to use the science of psychology and when to rely on the beliefs and values that often assist many in making daily life decisions.

When it comes to the co-mingling of psychology and spirituality, each has its own place. The scientific aspects of psychology are necessary in order to solve a wide range of problems and provide successful treatment to those in need. Still, spirituality can play a very important role in the rehabilitation of patients by making it easier to understand the psychological ramifications and why they exist. Spirituality and science can be used both during and after treatment. During treatment, religious beliefs may guide both the psychologist and patient toward making the right decisions and understanding difficult situations along the way. After treatment, religion can continue to help the patient as he or she moves onward through life while the scientific aspect may still remain present in the form of ongoing counseling or use of medication.

Psychologists can use both in their profession to make difficult decisions and deal with hard to solve problems. Aspects of each can be relied upon to provide the means by which to draw important conclusions that may help throughout the entire treatment process. Evidence has also shown that psychologists who know their profession but also possess strong religious beliefs are able to help their patients throughout treatment by passing on various virtues that promote positive thinking (Myers).

The end results of melding together both science and spirituality have been studied for a number of years. Some argue psychology should remain only a science while others feel the intertwining of science with religion can only serve to improve the overall outcome of treatment situations. The argument is also made that science as a whole has strong ties to religion and the two often give cause for the questioning of each other. Science can often prove what religion cannot and religion was the basis for the need to know, thus people began studying the how and why of scientific matters (Myers).

Some have explained the boundaries between psychology and religion by bringing up a few points that express how one relates to the other. One point is the correlation of scientific ideas presented in everyday human nature to religion and being able to site the information to show how it is all related. Another important point is the link between religion, prejudice, altruism and overall well-being (Myers).

When dealing with various psychological situations, it is just as important to realize the importance of the science as it is the religion. This is often difficult to do because of the differing beliefs and values possessed by each professional working in the field. Because of this, it is necessary for each to make decisions based on the psychological code of ethics along with the specific circumstances of each given situation. For those who are religious, spirituality will most likely play a role in the decision making process in a professional setting because it very likely does in any other. Those who utilize spirituality in day-to-day situations often rely on it to guide them in their professions. Though the psychological code of ethics may not have been created based specifically around the religious beliefs and values directly associated with spirituality, there are many similarities between ethical dilemmas and resolutions and those of a moral nature.

Correlations have also been reported between faith and subjective well-being. One example of this can be found in a National Opinion Research Center survey of 42,00 Americans that was conducted after 1972. Here 26 percent who never attended religious services reported being very happy while 47 percent of those participating in spiritual services on a regular basis, sometimes more than weekly reported also being very happy (Myers). Though this does not sho3w a direct link between religion and well-being, it does indicate that many people seek spirituality in various aspects of their lives. Whether the science of psychology and spirituality should be co-mingled in a professional setting can be a bit subjective as it is dependent upon the differing situations and those directly involved in the treatment processes. While there are correlations between the ethical code used by psychological professionals everywhere and the morality associated with religion, the two remain separate and can be called upon in any given situation where they may be deemed necessary or important. The code of ethics is used every day in the psychological setting, but whether or not spirituality is involved may be up to each professional working in the field.

REFERENCES

Code of Ethics: Understanding the Professional Conduct of Psychologists. Taken from http://clinical-psychology.suite101.com/article.cfm/psychologist_as_professional

Myers, David G. Psychological Science Meets the World of Faith. Taken from http://psychologicalscience.org/observer/getArticle.cfm?id=1861.

For more information, please contact Dr. Joseph Coleman at jcoleman05@bellsouth.net or via phone at (504) 621-0966 (504) 621-0966

Reverse Mortgage Loan Limits Remain In Place At Least until End of the Year

Reverse Mortgage Loan Limits Remain In Place At Least until End of the Year

Seniors counting on securing the most money they can from a reverse mortgage need to act now while interest rates are low and loan limits are high, according to Jim Cory from Legacy Reverse Mortgage.

The amount of cash available to homeowners through a reverse mortgage is limited by federal regulations. For now, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has decided to leave the limit at $ 625,500, but industry experts believe that could change come next year.

In response to the financial crisis, the FHA raised the maximum amount a reverse mortgage borrower’s property value could be calculated at from $ 417,000 to the current level in February 2009. FHA officials had previously announced that loan maximums would revert back to pre-February levels on October 1, 2011.

However, they now say the higher limit will likely remain in place at least through the end of the year.

October 1 is the beginning of the government’s fiscal year. Historically, officials make changes to many programs effective that day. So there is a possibility for seniors counting on maximizing the amount of money they can receive could be in for a disappointment if they wait too long.

Many industry experts expect to see a number of changes from FHA in the next six to twelve months.

These same industry experts believe that by acting now while interest rates are at records lows, reverse mortgage borrowers will maximize their options.

Regulatory uncertainty is only one factor driving seniors to consider locking in a reverse mortgage sooner rather than later. Low interest rates allow homeowners to unlock the most equity from their homes, while 10-year Treasury notes, a key industry benchmark rate, sit at historic lows.

In many areas, home values are continuing to decline. Since reverse mortgages limits are contingent on property appraisal amounts, borrowers are looking to lock in higher values before the real estate market gets potentially any worse.

The industry is doing all it can to help keep the higher loan limits so that seniors can get the most benefit from their homes.

Peter Bell, president of the National Reverse Mortgage Lenders Association has said, “We’re glad to see FHA take this interim step. It eliminates uncertainty for loan applicants who might have been concerned about not getting their loans before the limits possibly dropped.”

The focus now, according to Peter, will be on persuading HUD and lawmakers to retain the higher limit beyond calendar year 2011.

Since loan limits vary in some parts of the country, it’s also important that seniors considering a reverse mortgage contact a loan specialist to learn about the specific benefits available for their unique situation.

If you’re a California senior interested in learning more about securing the most money your home equity can afford you through a reverse mortgage, please take a moment today to call and speak with a Legacy Reverse Mortgage representative by dialing (800) 991-4613.

Legacy Reverse Mortgage offers Senior Reverse Mortgage services in California. If you’re a California senior interested in learning more about securing the most money your home equity can afford you through a reverse mortgage, please take a moment today to call and speak with a Legacy Reverse Mortgage representative by dialing (800) 991-4613.
The Reasons That Make Asian Dating Sites The Best Place To Meet Asian Singles

The Reasons That Make Asian Dating Sites The Best Place To Meet Asian Singles

Online Asian dating is gaining greater market value with each passing day as thousands of Asian singles join the various online sites, in search of a suitable life mate. The fact that Asian dating sites offer numerous benefits is a major reason for their being the most popular dating sites on the internet. A good and reliable Asian dating site offers numerous facilities to its users along with the countless opportunities to meet and interact with beautiful and authentic Asian women. Moreover, people using these sites are assured of great fun as they look for an ideal partner for life.

One of the most significant benefits of using Asian dating sites for interacting with Asian singles is that it offers people with unlimited opportunities to expand their social networks. Whether you are using a dating site to find good companions, loyal friends, or true love, you are sure to come across numerous interesting personalities whom you would love to remain in contact with for the rest of your lives. Another great advantage of using Asian dating websites is that they offer bundles of information about some of the most ancient cultures known to mankind. This helps people unfamiliar with the Asian culture to gain an insight into various aspects of Asian lifestyle including arts, entertainment, and finance and even shopping.

Although, most renowned Asian dating sites avoid playing the role of a matchmaker for their users, they do offer helpful tips and advice about selecting the right Asian singles as per the expectations and needs of an individual. Most such sites also offer free advice about the best methods to be adapted for overcoming the barriers of culture, race and religion to find your perfect mate besides helping to make the process of finding that special person quite easy and less time consuming.

Want to know more about the ways of meeting an attractive and authentic Asian Singles ? www.asialovematch.net is a perfect destination to find a fantastic Asian date. Sudarat Sarai writes dating articles to help you find your perfect Asian match

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Asian Dating Service: A Perfect Place to Find Genuine Oriental Girls

Asian Dating Service: A Perfect Place to Find Genuine Oriental Girls

Online dating sites, particularly Asian dating services providing sites are fetching a lot of attention worldwide with the spread of internet. Asian dating websites includes beautiful Asian girls from China, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Indonesia and other neighboring countries who are looking for handsome and intelligent men from west. These websites specialize in assisting men from all over the world, especially west, in finding a gorgeous Asian dating partner. Every person has his own reason for online dating. Some of the men are here for fun and entertainment, while other are interested in knowing people from other cultures and make friends with them. Some want to have a long term relationship and are genuinely interested in marrying Asian beauties.
There is no better place than Asian dating sites to find girls from so many countries, ethnicity, and cultures who are interested in western men. Asia is an enormous continent and has diverse kind of people practicing varied religions and customs. Not all are good in English in Asia as they have their own languages which they speak. Asian dating services broaden your alternatives when it comes to choosing an oriental girl for long term relationships and marriage. Asian dating services offer you with an opportunity to interact with girls from diverse religions, races and ethnicities. There are different types of Asian dating sites, some focus only on girls from one particular country while offer profile f girls from many different countries.
Most of the Asian online dating sites present you the capability to look for the girls on the basis of religion, age, ethnicity or region. Asians give a lot of importance to religion and culture and it’s vital that you must gain knowledge of their culture if you want to win hearts of Asian beauties. Asian girls are very adjusting and gracious. They rapidly become accustomed to western way of life and make dedicated wives to western men they choose to marry.

Want to know more about Asian culture and Asian dating services? www.asialovematch.net is a perfect destination to date a fantastic Asian girl. Sudarat Sarai writes Asian dating articles to help you find your perfect Asian match.

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Chinese Dating Sites – The Best Place To Seek Your True Love On This Valentine Day

Chinese Dating Sites – The Best Place To Seek Your True Love On This Valentine Day

Valentine Day is just around the corner and for most people it is the right time to find someone special who can add love and happiness to their lives. Given the extremely busy lifestyle of people in west, it is really not surprising that most of them rely on various online dating websites to find their perfect dating partner. The immense popularity of Chinese girls as the ideal dating partners draws numerous people to Chinese dating websites for meeting and interacting with these gorgeous oriental ladies, especially during the valentine month.

The online dating websites provide a perfect platform to men from across the globe to find authentic Chinese girls for dating and long term relationships. Numerous Chinese girls use these websites not only for fun and romance but also to find their ideal life mate. As such men seeking a life partner on this valentine day surely have great chances of coming across the woman of their dreams while using a reliable and authentic Chinese dating website. Apart from being extremely user friendly, most such websites offer as secure and private environment for people to interact with each other and establish a strong and long lasting relationship.

However, it is vital not to be taken in by the tide of valentine day bargains and discounts offered by certain websites, unless you are absolutely sure of them being really trustworthy. It is important to choose only those dating sites that give preference to the safety and security of their members besides providing the profiles of authentic Chinese females.

Although it is difficult to identify such websites by simply browsing through them, it is a good idea to choose those websites that have been recommended by a regular user. Alternately you can also choose reliable dating sites through another website that reviews the numerous Chinese dating websites and offers honest reviews about their diverse features including the level of safety, user friendliness, membership fees, and provision of dating tips and guidelines, etc.

Are you looking for a genuine website for dating Chinese girls online?www.OnlineChineseDating.com helps you find reliable dating sites by providing honest reviews about various online Chinese dating websites. Coco Chen writes articles with online dating tips for great dating experience.
Residential Rehab Is Not The Place For Me, Outpatient Rehab Is Where I Would Rather Be

Residential Rehab Is Not The Place For Me, Outpatient Rehab Is Where I Would Rather Be

So what is the big fuss about all of these rehab centers and how in the world do we know what rehab center is best for ourselves or a loved one. While there are many aspects to addiction treatment and there is a wide array of differences among rehab centers many individuals simply want to know if they should utilize a residential rehab center, an outpatient rehab center, or both forms of rehab in conjunction. This is a good question and here is a good answer.

First, let me say that there is a good need for both residential rehab and outpatient rehab dependent on the person. And ultimately, the individual’s personal preference and comfort will dictate the rehab setting they choose. While both rehab settings are important, let’s shed some light on the topic to make a more informed decision in our rehab center search.

Often there are two types of individuals that this author frequently encounters. First is the person that associates residential rehab as the only possible way to treat their addiction and stay free of substance abuse. The second individual states that checking out of life and into a rehab center is not even an option given their other obligations in life and would rather continue using that risk any negative impacts to these obligations.

Based on research and current trends residential rehab, while in some cases being a vital part of treatment, has a high rate of relapse if not followed by some sort of outpatient rehab. This being the case there may not always be a need to enter residential rehab centers at the initiation of rehab. If the need does arise many outpatient rehab centers have the ability to freeze their rehab program and utilize a residential rehab as needed. Some of these cases might include a need for medical stabilization, or non-compliance in an outpatient rehab setting.

So why is outpatient rehab so important to addiction treatment? It’s simple, it has to do with the way addiction affects the brain and how individuals deal with stress. It can be explained in this simple analogy, without getting too much into the science. The brain recognizes the substance used as a coping mechanism that is much more efficient than other and so a memory is stored for reference in similar situations. This is much like a coat or blanket when we get cold.

So, as negatives are associated with substance abuse, let’s say all blankets and coats have small pox and there is no vaccine. So, if you use a blanket or coat you may not die immediately but you would eventually and if you see your family you might negatively affect them as well. Now, we have to figure out alternate forms to stay warm without grabbing a blanket or coat. Thrown out in the cold anyone, knowing what is on these items, would grab them before death occurs. What is the difference between residential rehab and outpatient rehab? I’ll leave you with this final question.

Would we be more successful learning a technique to stay warm on a beach in Florida or in Maine with 6 feet of snow on the ground and someone to guide us?

Scott McKinney is the Vice President at Midwest Institute for Addiction; a state liscensed medically assisted treatment center in St. Louis, Missouri. MIA is committed to providing quality treatment.

http://www.midwestinstituteforaddiction.org/

http://www.soberway.org